Discover Medieval Life in the Middle Ages

Kings of England

Kings Of England

Kings of England have ruled England itself for nearly a thousand years, from 757 to 1603 AD. In that time, English Kings have also ruled Wales and Ireland (forced). Then in 1603 the English and Scottish Crowns united, making James VI of Scotland (James I of England) King of both England and Scotland. Forming the new Monarchy of the United Kingdom until 1 January 1801, when the Kingdom of Ireland united with the Kingdom of Great Britain. The Monarchy would become the Monarchy of the United Kingdom and Ireland, until 5/6 parts of Ireland left the union on 6 December 1922. After which, the Monarchy changed again to the Monarchy of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland, which is how it remains today.

Kings of England

House of Mercia

House of Mercia

757-796 – Offa
 House of Wessex

House of Wessex

802-839 – Egbert
839-856 – Aethelwulf
856-860 – Aethelbald
860-866 – Aethelbert
866-871 – Aethelred
871-899 – Alfred (the Great)
899-925 – Edward (the Elder)
925-940 – Athelstan
940-946 – Edmund I (Eadmund)
946-955 – Edred (Eadred)
955-959 – Edwy (Eadwig)
959-975 – Edgar (the Peaceful) (Eadgar)
975-978 – Edward II (the Martyr)
978-1016 – Ethelred II (the Unready) (AEthelred)
 House of Denmark

House of Denmark

1013-1014 – Sweyn Forkbeard
House of Wessex

House of Wessex

1014-1016 – Ethelred II (the Unready) (Aethelred) second reign
1016 – Edmund II (Ironside)
 House of Denmark

House of Denmark

1016-1035 – Cnut (the Great)
1035-1040 – Harold Harefoot
1040-1042 – Harthacnut (Harthacanute)
 House of Wessex

House of Wessex

1042-1066 – Edward III (the Confessor)
1066 – Harold II Godwinson
 House of Normandy

House of Normandy

1066-1087 – William I (the Conqueror)
1087-1100 – William II (Rufus)
1100-1135 – Henry I (Beauclerc)
 House of Blois

House of Blois

1135-1141 – Stephen
1141 – Matilda (disputed claim)
1141-1154 – Stephen
 House of Angevin

House of Angevin

1154-1189 – Henry II (Plantagenet)
1170-1183 – Henry the Young co-ruler with his father
1189-1199 – Richard I (the Lionheart)
1199-1216 – John (Lackland)
 House of Plantagenet

House of Plantagenet

1216-1272 – Henry III (of Winchester)
1272-1307 – Edward I (Longshanks)
1307-1327 – Edward II (of Caernarfon)
1327-1377 – Edward III
1377-1399 – Richard II
 House of Lancaster

House of Lancaster

1399-1413 – Henry IV (Bolingbroke)
1413-1422 – Henry V (The Star of England)
1422-1461 – Henry VI
 House of York

House of York

1461-1470 – Edward IV
 House of Lancaster

House of Lancaster

1470-1471 – Henry VI (restored)
 House of York

House of York

1471-1483 – Edward IV (second reign)
1483 – Edward V
1483-1485 – Richard III

Here marks the end of the Middle Ages

 House of Tudor

House of Tudor

1485-1509 – Henry VII

Kings of England, Wales and Ireland

House of Tudor

House of Tudor

1509-1547 – Henry VIII
1547-1553 – Edward VI
1553-1558 – Mary I
1558-1603 – Elizabeth I

Kings of England, Wales, Ireland and Scotland (United Kingdom)

House of Stuart

House of Stuart

1603-1625 – James I (King of Scotland as James VI 1567-1625)
1625-1649 – Charles I
Commonwealth

Commonwealth

1649-1653 – Commonwealth No monarch reigned between the execution of Charles I in 1649 and the Restoration of Charles II in 1660. Instead, from 1653, the Cromwells held power as Lord Protector, during the period known as the Protectorate, when the monarchy was overthrown.
1653-1658 – Oliver Cromwell (Lord Protector) (Old Ironsides)
1658-1659 – Richard Cromwell (Lord Protector) (Tumbledown Dick)
House of Stuart

House of Stuart (The Restoration)

1660-1685 – Charles II
1685-1688 – James II
House of Orange

House of Orange

1689-1694 – William III (of Orange) and Mary II (jointly)
1694-1702 – William III (of Orange) (alone)
1702-1714 – Anne
House of Hanover

House of Hanover

1714-1727 – George I
1727-1760 – George II
1760-1820 – George III
1820-1830 – George IV
1830-1837 – William IV (King of Hanover)
1837-1901 – Victoria (Empress of India 1876-1901)
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

1901-1910 – Edward VII
House of Windsor

House of Windsor

1910-1936 – George V
1936 – Edward VIII
1936-1952 – George VI
1952-Present – Elizabeth II (Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Head of the Commonwealth of Nations)

 

Medieval Steward

A Medieval enthusiast and fan of the middle ages. I enjoy writing and sharing about Medieval history and the important historical events of our lands.

2 Responses

  1. 8th October 2014

    […] and Queens of Britain, and continues to do so. Building of the castle first began in 1070, by William the Conqueror, soon after the Norman invasion of 1066, and took 16 years to complete. It’s purpose was to […]

  2. 2nd September 2016

    […] and was backed by some loyal barons. Matilda was not in England at the time. Stephen was crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey on 26 December 1135. But it wasn’t long before Stephen’s reign […]

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