Discover Medieval Life in the Middle Ages
York Castle Clifford's Tower 1

York Castle – the Fortress of the Viking Capital

York Castle sits strategically between the rivers Ouse and Foss in York, the old Viking capital of the Danelaw. With an established Norman Motte and Bailey design, originally of earthworks and timber, York Castle has...

King John of England 2

King John – the Tyrannical Ruler

King John was the fourth and youngest legitimate son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was born on Christmas Eve 1167 at Beaumont Palace in Oxford, and was soon moved to the...

Lincoln Castle 2

Lincoln Castle – The Norman Castle with two Mottes

Lincoln Castle is a large Norman stronghold built high upon an ancient Roman fort in Lincoln, England. It has two mottes and a large bailey, which is a very rare design, as most motte and bailey castles...

Corfe Castle 1

Corfe Castle – the Saxon and Norman Stronghold

Corfe Castle sits high upon the Purbeck hills in Dorset, England. The hilly castle site is located in a natural gap between a vast line of chalk hills, which is where Corfe Castle got its...

King Richard i Lionheart 4

King Richard I – the Lionheart King

King Richard I was the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and the most successful. Favoured by his mother, King Richard I became an outstanding warrior and something of a national hero. A far cry...

The Anglo-Saxons 12

The Anglo-Saxons: Fighters, Farmers and Settlers

The Anglo-Saxons were not called Anglo-Saxons when they first arrived in Britain by force in 449 AD. These skilled warriors were farmers from foreign lands, much like the Vikings were 340 years later. Some were already living in Britain, during...

Henry II Plantagenet 6

King Henry II – Plantagenet King of England

King Henry II was the first in a long line of Plantagenet kings of England. Also known as Henry Plantagenet, Curtmantle or FitzEmpress, Henry was the son of Matilda and Geoffrey of Anjou, and...

Viking Ships 0

Viking Ships

Viking ships strike a powerful image of the battle-hardened, invading Norsemen of Scandinavia. With their low sides, tall bow and stern, their silhouette on the water was something to be feared. Design of the Viking...

Windsor Castle 1

Windsor Castle

Windsor Castle is the largest and oldest inhabited castle in the world. For almost 1000 years Windsor Castle has been home to 39 Kings and Queens, and continues to do so. It is the...

Tower of London 2

The Tower of London

The Tower of London stands proudly in the heart of London, commanding an intimidating position over the river Thames. The castle dates back over 1000 years, and has been embroiled in centuries of war, uprisings and...

King Stephen of England 7

King Stephen of England and Matilda

The king, Stephen of England, was not nominated as heir to the throne of England. His cousin, Matilda, who was Henry I’s daughter, was instead. Matilda (or Maud as she is sometimes known) had...

Uhtred of Bebbanburg 5

Uhtred of Bebbanburg – A Fictional Character?

Uhtred of Bebbanburg is a son of the Saxon Ealdorman Uhtred, Lord of Bebbanburg, and was born in Northumbria. He lived during the era of Alfred the Great in the late 9th century, when Britain...

Feudalism in the Middle Ages 2

What is Feudalism in the Middle Ages

Feudalism in the middle ages was a strict hierarchical system, based on land being exchanged for military service, and allegiance to the king under oath.  Medieval Feudalism began first in France around the 9th century....

The History Of Halloween 0

The History of Halloween and Samhain

The History of Halloween goes back as far as the 8th century for Christians. Pope Gregory III chose the 1st November as a day to honour all the saints (hallows) and martyrs, who did not have a...