Discover Medieval Life in the Middle Ages
King Edward II 0

King Edward II the Condemned Monarch

King Edward II was born in Caernarfon Castle, Wales on 25 April 1284. He was the fourth son of King Edward I and Eleanor of Castile. Edward’s three older brothers died during childhood, leaving him...

King Edward I 2

King Edward I the Ruthless Warrior King

King Edward I was born in Westminster on 17 June 1239, and was the eldest son of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. He was named after his father’s favourite saint, King Edward...

York Castle Clifford's Tower 1

York Castle – the Fortress of the Viking Capital

York Castle sits strategically between the rivers Ouse and Foss in York, the old Viking capital of the Danelaw. With an established Norman Motte and Bailey design, originally of earthworks and timber, York Castle has...

King John of England 10

King John – the Tyrannical Ruler

King John was the fourth and youngest legitimate son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was born on Christmas Eve 1167 at Beaumont Palace in Oxford, and was soon moved to the...

King Richard i Lionheart 5

King Richard I – the Lionheart King

King Richard I was the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and the most successful. Favoured by his mother, King Richard I became an outstanding warrior and something of a national hero. A far cry...

The Anglo-Saxons 19

The Anglo-Saxons: Fighters, Farmers and Settlers

The Anglo-Saxons were not called Anglo-Saxons when they first arrived in Britain by force in 449 AD. These skilled warriors were farmers from foreign lands, much like the Vikings were 340 years later. Some were already living in Britain, during...

Henry II Plantagenet 14

King Henry II – Plantagenet King of England

King Henry II was the first in a long line of Plantagenet kings of England. Also known as Henry Plantagenet, Curtmantle or FitzEmpress, Henry was the son of Matilda and Geoffrey of Anjou, and...

Viking Ships 1

Viking Ships

Viking ships strike a powerful image of the battle-hardened, invading Norsemen of Scandinavia. With their low sides, tall bow and stern, their silhouette on the water was something to be feared. Design of the Viking...

Windsor Castle 3

Windsor Castle

Windsor Castle is the largest and oldest inhabited castle in the world. For almost 1000 years Windsor Castle has been home to 39 Kings and Queens, and continues to do so. It is the...