Discover Medieval Life in the Middle Ages
Kings Of England 2

Kings of England

Kings of England have ruled England itself for nearly a thousand years, from 757 to 1603 AD. In that time, English Kings have also ruled Wales and Ireland (forced). Then in 1603 the English...

King John of England 4

King John – the Tyrannical Ruler

King John was the fourth and youngest legitimate son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was born on Christmas Eve 1167 at Beaumont Palace in Oxford, and was soon moved to the...

King Richard i Lionheart 4

King Richard I – the Lionheart King

King Richard I was the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and the most successful. Favoured by his mother, King Richard I became an outstanding warrior and something of a national hero. A far cry...

Henry II Plantagenet 6

King Henry II – Plantagenet King of England

King Henry II was the first in a long line of Plantagenet kings of England. Also known as Henry Plantagenet, Curtmantle or FitzEmpress, Henry was the son of Matilda and Geoffrey of Anjou, and...

King Stephen of England 7

King Stephen of England and Matilda

The king, Stephen of England, was not nominated as heir to the throne of England. His cousin, Matilda, who was Henry I’s daughter, was instead. Matilda (or Maud as she is sometimes known) had...

Henry I 9

King Henry I

King Henry I of England was the youngest son of William the Conqueror. He was also the only Norman king who could read and write. This education came from his upbringing in the church,...

William The Conqueror 14

William the Conqueror – Duke of Normandy

William the Conqueror, the Norman invader, defeated the last Anglo-Saxon King of England, Harold II Godwinson, in the famous Battle of Hastings, in 1066. He was sometimes known as William the Bastard and previous to his...

Harold Godwinson 7

Harold Godwinson – The Last Anglo-Saxon King

Harold Godwinson, a wealthy, powerful man who inherited money and titles from his father, Godwin Earl of Wessex, upon his death in 1053. Harold Godwinson dedicated his life to serving King Edward the Confessor...

Edward The Confessor 4

Edward the Confessor – The Saint King

Edward the Confessor, son of Ethelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy, had grown up in exile in Normandy after the Viking invasion of 1013. Although born an Anglo-Saxon, he spent much of his...

Alfred The Great 7

Alfred the Great – King of Saxon England

Alfred the Great is the only English king to be given the glorified nickname “the Great”, and indeed he deserved it. In 871, Alfred the Great ruled over the kingdom of Wessex, which was...

Kings And Queens

Kings and Queens

Kings and Queens – The rulers of the land; Kings and Queens have governed England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland for centuries. Some were very successful, powerful, and expanded their kingdoms well, where others only...